Petrillo & Goldberg
Excels for our clients
Talk to an Attorney
Get a Free Case Evaluation

What is the difference between a trial jury and a grand jury?

A trial jury, also known as a petit jury, is composed of six to 12 members and decides whether a defendant injured a plaintiff in a civil case or committed a crime as charged in a criminal case. Defendants have the right to appear, testify and call witnesses on their behalf before a trial jury, whose proceedings are generally public. Trial jury deliberations, which are in private, produce a verdict in favor of the plaintiff or defendant in a civil case, or guilty or not guilty in a criminal case.

A grand jury is composed of 16 to 23 members and determines whether there is probable cause to believe that an individual has committed a crime and should stand trial. Grand jury proceedings are not public, and defendants and their attorneys do not have a right to appear before the grand jury. The grand jury will decide whether to hand down an indictment, or formally accuse, the defendant.

Other Frequently Asked Questions


I have dealt with other law firms, and there is no comparison. It is an honor to know you and I must say, that I have the highest regard for your integrity.

- Lance Zeaman



Meet our Attorneys

The highly competent lawyers at Petrillo and Goldberg represent clients with personal injury claims, workers compensation claims, slip-and-fall cases and automobile accident victims. We work for you, and take our job of getting the best possible results for you seriously.

Scott M. Goldberg


Steven Petrillo


Scott D. Schulman


Jeff Thiel